Water, sanitation and hygiene

Volume 25, Issue 2, 2017

At birth and death, and each day in between, individual human need for water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) is near constant. While WASH is intensely personal, it is also about power, inequality, development and social justice. This issue of G&D focuses on WASH from the perspective of gender justice and women’s rights. Women and girls experience WASH needs differently from men, both as individuals, and as societies’ carers. Inadequate WASH provision both results from and causes continuing poverty, and serves to reinforce gender and other inequalities. Contributors to the issue highlight the importance of WASH provision for women and girls in their own right, as carers for families and communities, and as key to women’s empowerment.


Gender & Development is published by Routledge/Taylor & Franics. If you are interested in subscribing to the journal, please visit the Routledge/Taylor & Francis website. (Please note the reduced subscription rates available for low and middle-income countries.)
For free access to the articles in the Water, sanitation and hygiene issue, please visit  the Oxfam Policy & Practice website and search the site using the article title or author name. Full access for subscribers is available via the Routledge/Taylor & Francis website.
Free access to the Introduction, three articles and the Resources and Book Reviews Sections of the issue, is available below.


Introduction: gender, water, sanitation and hygiene
Louise Medland and Caroline Sweetman


No relief: lived experiences of inadequate sanitation access of poor urban women in India
Seema Kulkarni, Kathleen O’Reilly and Sneha Bhat

Mainstreaming gender in the WASH sector: dilution or distillation?
Julie Fisher, Sue Cavill and Brian Reed

Mainstreaming gender in WASH: lessons learned from Oxfam’s experience of Ebola
Simone E. Carter, Luisa Maria Dietrich and Olive Melissa Minor

Women’s environmental health activism around waste and plastic pollution in the coastal wetlands of Yucatán
Anne-Marie Hanson

Reframing women’s empowerment in water security programmes in Western Nepal
Stephanie Leder, Floriane Clement and Emma Karki

In troubled waters: water commodification, law, gender, and poverty in Bangalore
Kaveri Thara

Domesticating water supplies through rainwater harvesting in Mumbai
Cat Button

Transforming gender relations through water, sanitiation, and hygiene programming and monitoring in Vietnam
Caitlin Leahy, Keren Winterford, Tuyen Nghiem, John Kelleher, Lee Leong and Juliet Willetts

‘Breaking the silence around menstruation’: experiences of adolescent girls in an urban setting in India
Shobhita Rajagopal and Kanchan Matur


Compiled by Liz Cooke
Resources List – Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

Book Reviews

Edited by Liz Cooke

Handbook on Gender and War
Simona Sharoni, Julie Welland, Linda Steiner and Jennifer Pedersen (eds.)
Reviewed by Aaliyah Hussain

Masculinity and New War: The Gendered Dynamics of Contemporary Armed Conflict
David Duriesmith
Reviewed by Alexis Henshaw

A Gendered Approach to the Syrian Refugee Crisis
Jane Freedman, Zeynep Kivilcim and Nurcan Özgür Baklacioğlu (eds.)
Reviewed by Jenny Enarsson

Negotiating Gender, Policy and Politics in the Caribbean: Feminist Strategies, Masculinist Resistance and Transformational Possibilities
Gabrielle Jamela Hosein and Jane Parpart
Reviewed by Roberta Clarke

The Persistence of Gender Inequality
Mary Evans
Reviewed by Ines Smyth

Feminist Futures: Reimagining Women, Culture and Development (Second Edition)
Kum-Kum Bhavnani, John Foran, Priya A. Kurian and Debashish Munshi (eds.)
Reviewed by Deborah Eade